E-commerce SEO: The Ultimate Guide
Increasing traffic, driving conversions, increasing profits and ROI – these are just some of your priorities as an e-commerce business owner, right?
E-commerce SEO is something you may well have tried before, or are actively looking at starting. After all, SEO is the key to increasing your organic (read: free!) website traffic and diversifying your online presence to protect against changes to social media or PPC algorithms, practices and policies.
Of course, SEO is not immune to changes – Google and other search engine algorithm changes will affect almost every website in some capacity at some point or another, not to mention the many considerations that go into a successful e-commerce SEO strategy!
However, by growing your organic traffic with care, consideration and expertise, you’ll be adding another consistent stream of traffic and revenue to your site, so it’s well worth your time!
- In this guide to e-commerce SEO, we’ll take a look at:
- What e-commerce SEO actually is
- Why it’s important (for both new and existing e-commerce businesses)
- How a successful e-commerce SEO strategy should be put together
- The key considerations when it comes to building content for e-commerce websites
- The first steps of actually building an e-commerce site with SEO in mind
From the very basics to understanding the in-depth decisions you need to make your e-commerce business success, we can help. To learn more about E-commerce SEO and get some fantastic insights from the experts at Embryo, keep reading, or get in touch with our team!
E-commerce SEO by Embryo Ensures You’re Found for the Key Terms That Will Drive Sales.
Our organic team combines tech SEO with luscious, in-depth content that search engines can’t help but rank highly.
What Is E-commerce SEO?
E-commerce SEO is a way of generating more traffic to your online store by making it more visible on search engine results pages.
The aim is to improve organic rankings – generally, the higher your site ranks on results pages, the more traffic a site receives – which should then lead to people buying products on your site.
E-commerce as an industry operates in many different ways than traditional service-based businesses, and SEO is no exception. Paid search (both social media marketing and PPC) is often used by e-commerce businesses to bring in brand awareness and drive sales, but SEO shouldn’t be forgotten about either.
Successful e-commerce SEO is all about understanding how people search for what you sell and then creating and optimising pages to rank for those terms. It’s also a way of making sure that users who have previously found your business through paid search can easily find you again, or at least recognise your business name when it appears in the search results.
Relevant keywords, unique and helpful content, and healthy tech SEO can all impact your site’s rankings, so it’s important to have a comprehensive e-commerce SEO strategy that covers all of these pillars in order to boost your rankings, increase your traffic, and ultimately drive more sales.
Why SEO Matters for E-commerce Websites
E-commerce SEO is all about getting the right eyes on your site and the right traffic on your page. If e-commerce SEO is done well, it’ll help to expand your brand’s reach and improve your overall visibility.
SEO is a massive part of Google’s ‘Messy Middle’, and there are few examples where this is clearer than in the world of e-commerce, in a couple of different ways.
Re-Igniting Brand Awareness
The Messy Middle tells us that long before a user meets something that triggers them to make a purchase (be it shoes, furniture, a new car, or a phone, the list is endless), there is an element of awareness that can influence their decision-making process. This awareness can be built up days, months or even years in advance, and is vital to ensure that your brand name is, if not at the forefront, at least sitting somewhere, in the user’s mind!
Awareness and association go hand-in-hand and this is where brand awareness campaigns (often on social media or through PR for e-commerce businesses) shine.
A user is saving for their first home deposit – they can’t help but look on Pinterest for decor inspiration (and aspiration). If your brand name appears regularly, they’ll likely remember you in some capacity, whether that’s actively or passively. You’ll probably get a site visitor with no conversion, a new follower on social media or just exist as a screenshot on their phone for now.
When the trigger for a user’s purchase decision has finally been met (they’ve bought the house and are finally in need of a sofa, for example), it’s time for them to go searching. If they remember your brand, they might come to your site directly, or search for your branded terms in Google to find that product they loved again!
Alternatively, if they search for a sofa (maybe not remembering your brand straight away) and see a name they recognise, they’re much more likely to feel a sense of safety and familiarity with your business, and click on through to your site! E-commerce SEO helps place your business in the SERPS for these searches so you’re present and sitting in front of engaged potential customers online.
Of course, if your website doesn’t appear in search engine results pages when these searches are happening, your target customers won’t be reminded of your brand, or see your products! This is why SEO matters for e-commerce websites.
Answering User Questions
If brand awareness isn’t something your business has invested in previously, don’t worry, all is not lost! As well as awareness, the Messy Middle model also requires user exploration and evaluation – in short, searching for more information!
When a user is searching for a product on Google, they can be looking to purchase right now, but may well also be looking for the information they need to help them make informed decisions.
SEO and content can be used here to make sure your business is the one answering people’s queries and reassuring them that their decision (with your business!) is the right one.
Once you’ve got users on your site, you can show off your products, content and images, and implement calls-to-actions so that those researching users convert. Having the right keywords in place as part of your SEO and content strategy means that users are a) more likely to land on your site, b) read the useful information you’re offering them, and make a purchase from a site they then see as an expert, informative, and trustworthy.
How to Create an E-commerce SEO Strategy
Now we’ve covered the importance of having an e-commerce SEO strategy, the next big question is “how do you create an e-commerce SEO strategy?”.
There are a few key principles that should come into consideration when building a strategy for any website, including a tailored e-commerce strategy.
Step 1: Keyword Research
Keyword research helps to identify high-value commercial words and search terms that potential customers may use when they want to find your products. Simply put, it helps you understand how people search for what you sell.
You can then use this analysis to create product pages and categories that suit search demand and write content that fits these pages and is super-optimised for what your users want to see.
It’s SEO best practice to mention your focus keywords in the meta-title and meta-description, image alt tags, and on-page copy including header tags and product descriptions.
Keyword research also helps you understand the questions your customers are asking, the concerns and fears they have, and to create content that directly addresses them. As well as helping coax users down the purchase funnel, question-based/long-tail keyword research helps to expand the overall keyword reach of the site considerably, increasing the volume of traffic your site can potentially capture!
Step 2: Site Architecture for E-commerce
How your website is structured and your pages are organised plays an important role in SEO and has a significant effect on rankings as well as the user experience (UX) on the site. Site architecture is the term we use to describe the structure of a website, and how each of the pages interacts with each other!
- Again, there are a couple of different things to consider within site architecture when putting together an e-commerce SEO strategy:
- The user experience
- Search engine bots
A successful site structure – with a clear journey from the homepage to product landing pages to specific product pages – should be simple to follow from both a user and search engine perspective. Users should be able to easily navigate through the site and find what they’re looking for in a matter of clicks, and search engine bots should also be able to follow internal linking structures from each page to the next.
It’s SEO best practice for users to be able to reach any specific page within three clicks from the homepage. Too many clicks and users may get frustrated, leaving them to bounce off the site and potentially helping a competitor with a sale! Designing your site architecture so that users can quickly and easily find what they want, and displaying that architecture through intelligent design and UX simply makes your site more user-friendly, and improves trust throughout the purchasing process.
When it comes to pleasing search engine bots, internal linking is a must. Internal linking boosts e-commerce SEO by showing search engines how pages are related to each other and helps them understand exactly what your individual pages – and site as a whole – are doing/saying/selling.
Internal linking also increases the average time people spend on your site by encouraging them to explore further into the site, such as looking at related products, categories and blog posts.
Another thing to note when it comes to website architecture is that URLs should be as simple and clear as possible, mentioning your product’s primary keyword. A long URL can look messy and be off-putting for users.
Step 3: Technical SEO
It’s one thing to make a website aesthetic, but if there’s no technical work in place it will crumble. That’s why technical SEO is often seen as the backbone of a good e-commerce SEO strategy.
So, what counts as technical SEO, and what are the technical ranking factors that are important to consider when creating an e-commerce strategy for SEO?
- Page speed is a key technical factor to look into. If a site runs slowly, users are likely to become frustrated and bounce off the site. However if done well, a fast website can improve UX and customer engagement.
- Mobile performance in today’s world is a must for e-commerce. Most shoppers today use their phones at some point during the Messy Middle process to make decisions and purchase products.
- Optimising for indexation ties in with your site architecture. Indexation is the process of search engine bots crawling the site, so you want to make it as simple as possible for them. Internal linking, submitting a sitemap, blocking pages you don’t want to be crawled, and using Google Search Console to check for any crawl or indexing issues are all key parts of technical SEO for e-commerce.
- Image quality and size are a bit of a tightrope to walk when it comes to SEO vs. UX. Big images can slow down sites considerably, but of course, low-quality images present a really poor image of your business to customers. Tech SEO helps to optimise your images without compromising on user-facing quality, and speeds up your website performance in the process!
Step 4: On-Page SEO for E-commerce
On-page SEO is the process of optimising the content on your page and is crucial for a successful e-commerce campaign.
The content on your website does more than just give users key information about your business or products, it also sends strong indicators to Google and other search engines about what your site does, how authoritative and trustworthy you are, and what your pages should be ranking for.
Whether it be writing compelling header tags and metadata that clearly indicate what your webpage is about, or writing interesting guides that help answer common questions, on-page SEO is closely linked with keyword research and content creation to help deliver results for your e-commerce site.
On-page SEO is an ongoing task and can be some of the most time-intensive SEO work done on an e-commerce site. For example, every product should have a unique title tag and description, which can be a long process if you stock hundreds or even thousands of different products. It’s advised to use a template approach for most of your site’s pages while making sure to be more creative for those with the most search traffic and high potential.
Step 5: Blogging
Google’s Helpful Content Update, launched in August 2022, emphasises the need for unique and compelling copy. The algorithm update seeks to reward quality over quantity with a focus on people-first content. It also means content written with search engines in mind is seen negatively and devalued.
A way of creating content users want to see is by writing high-quality blogs, guides and resources which answer users’ queries and show off products.
It’s important to focus on your specific brand’s expertise and authority, rather than creating irrelevant content just because it might rank well. However, this isn’t to say you should just put blogs about anything and everything on your site!
Blog content can be carefully and strategically planned out for the most impact – this ties into keyword research too. When planning blog content for an ecommerce site, you should think about a range of different factors, including (but not limited to!):
- Common questions your customers ask
- Common misconceptions about your products/sector
- Any safety concerns your customers may have
- How certain products work and what they can be used for
- “Hacks” for your products
- Seasonality – are there any holidays, festivals, events etc. that your brand can capitalise on?
- Your brand values – are you passionate about sustainability? Body positivity? Value for money? Longevity of your products?
Step 6: Focus on Homepage SEO
In any e-commerce SEO strategy plan, it’s important to have a list of priorities – Which pages have the most traffic, and which have the biggest potential? Which are the best-selling pages/categories, and which pages can you maybe put on the back burner for now?
The homepage is typically where most sites focus their SEO budget and energy, as it’s the page consumers tend to land on first. Users should be able to land on your site and immediately understand what it is your business provides, who your target audience is, and how you can help users.
Not being able to answer these three questions will inevitably lead to a higher bounce rate which can negatively impact your SEO.
- The key elements you’ll want to add and optimise on your homepage are:
- Homepage Title Tag: Your title tag (the clickable line that appears for your website on the search engine results page) is vital to make sure you’re engaging your users as soon as they encounter your business. It should include your brand name along with the primary keyword/phrase you are targeting and should be short, snappy and concise, explaining your products/services in no more than 70 characters.
- Homepage Meta Description: The meta description (the short text under your title tag) actually doesn’t affect your rankings, but that doesn’t mean you can neglect it! The meta description for your homepage is a 160-character description of your business and should be used to encourage users to visit your site, promoting your key USPs, selling points and core values.
- Homepage Content: Homepage copy should aim to help users understand more about your business and the products you offer. You should avoid overloading visitors with too much information which confuses both users and search engines. Instead, you should feature your USPs and highlight your best-selling products and categories straight off the bat.
Design, UX, and CRO also complement your SEO e-commerce by improving the user journey, increasing the amount of time users spend on the site, reducing bounce rate and reviewing your site highly.
Step 7: Conduct Competitor Research
Planning your e-commerce SEO strategy can be a complicated process, depending on the size and niche of your sector. In sectors like fashion, automobiles, and electronics, the market is heavily saturated, so finding angles that help your business stand out – and then capitalising on them – can be a hard task. On the other end of the scale, small, niche, or highly technical sectors may also find it tough to develop high-performing strategies due to the low-volume nature of these sectors.
In instances like these, conducting competitor research can be incredibly helpful to see how similar sites within your sector present their products, brand, and content.
For example, taking inspiration from your top-performing competitors regarding site structure means your potential customers will have a sense of familiarity with how to use your site, making it easy to find the products and categories they’re looking for. On the flip side, if top performers have been resting on their laurels and their content, site structure or technical SEO are lacking, there may be a massive opportunity for someone else to take a significant slice of the pie.
Keywords are another thing to look out for – finding which phrases market leaders use to describe their products can help you distinguish how to describe your own. That might mean going head-to-head with them for positions on the SERPs, or targeting lower-volume, higher-intent keywords to increase your keyword reach that way.
Of course, you shouldn’t just replicate what competitors are doing, but competitor research is a great way to look for content gaps and untapped opportunities where you can outperform your competitors!
The Four Things E-commerce Keywords Must Have
We’ve talked a little about keyword research, content marketing, and how they both interact with an overarching e-commerce SEO strategy, but how do you actually do that keyword research? And just as importantly, how do you know you’re doing it right?
Fortunately, our organic team (who spend hours strategising, researching and deep-diving to find inventive, effective keyword strategies for all of our clients) have a few recommendations when it comes to keyword research and identifying the best keywords for your e-commerce site:
1. Search Volume
Search volume indicates the number of search queries for a specific search term in a search engine like Google, within a specific timeframe (which is usually on a month-to-month basis).
Search volume can range from anything between 0-10 searches per month to millions of searches every month. Search volume is a great place to start when doing keyword research, as it gives you an instant indication of how much traffic you can potentially get if you start ranking highly for each keyword.
However, search volume on its own doesn’t tell the whole story, which is where some additional criteria come into play.
The term ‘intent’ describes the purpose of an online search. When it comes to SEO, the intent is vital to connecting rankings to the Messy Middle of search, and actually making those rankings profitable for ecommerce businesses.
For example, users searching the term “t-shirts” may have a lot of different intents, which can’t really be discerned. However, the terms “men’s t-shirts”, “women’s t-shirts”, “children’s t-shirts” “plus-size t-shirts”, “longline t-shirts”, “pink t-shirts” etc. all carry considerably different intents, which businesses can better service. For a women’s clothing store, “women’s t-shirts” carries better intent than just “t-shirts”, and is more likely to result in a sale.
Alternatively, for a clothing store the term “cotton for t-shirts” might be a search term with good search volume and lots of potential, but the intent is likely very different to simply “cotton t-shirts”. Ultimately, if you’re not selling cotton fabric, ranking well for that search term won’t result in conversions and might increase your bounce rate, even if your site traffic increases.
Picking search terms that have clear intent that lines up with your business offering is the best way to ensure you’re not just ranking for the sake of it, and that the new organic traffic you’re driving to your site is engaged and has the potential to convert and make money at the end of the day.
Relevance, also known as keyword relevance, refers to the importance of a certain keyword or phrase to a specific web page.
In the past, search engine algorithms weren’t intelligent enough to understand the content of a webpage past the individual keywords it could pick out in the copy.
Today, however, Google and other search engines can use keywords, contextuality, language processing tools, the semantic meaning of a search term, and many, many more complex technologies to determine the function of a webpage, and how well it meets the needs of a user. This is why long-form, relevant, informative, unique content is the preference of search engines and should be at the core of any e-commerce SEO strategy.
Competition, also known as keyword difficulty, is a score given to a keyword to indicate how difficult it would be to rank on the SERP for that particular search term.
Competition is higher when there are lots of sites trying to rank for a certain keyword, when there are lots of users searching for a particular keyword, or when the top-ranking sites are very established sites with high domain authority (like news outlets, government websites, or educational websites).
The rewards are generally higher when targeting high-competition keywords, as there is a larger slice of traffic on offer. However, in some cases, the amount of work that is needed to make significant gains on that keyword simply isn’t viable, or profitable, in the long run.
Instead, gaining traction in the SERPs for lower-volume, lower-difficulty keywords is the key to successful ecommerce SEO for many businesses. The standing of your existing website and the competitive landscape of your industry will also affect how likely you are to successfully rank for keywords with a high level of difficulty. This is why a comprehensive, tailored SEO strategy with extensive keyword research is so important for ecommerce businesses.
Why You Should Combine SEO With CRO
Search Engine Optimisation drives brand awareness and brings relevant people to your site, whilst Conversion Rate Optimisation aims to increase website interactions, sales and overall revenue once they’ve reached your site. They must be aligned if you’re looking for success, as they both contribute towards those key success metrics that all ecommerce businesses are looking for.
CRO tends to focus on user experience metrics, by taking into consideration elements such as the visual appeal of CTA buttons and ensuring branding is consistent across a website. It also looks at trust signals (reviews, accreditations, company policies, social media links and buttons etc.), the user journey (which ties in very closely with your site architecture), and taking away roadblocks users experience while on your site.
CRO can also identify user patterns on the site, which may inform your SEO strategy. For example, CRO might identify that users aren’t sure where your business is located or what shipping costs are likely to be, which could highlight the need to target geo-located keywords over general search terms.
SEO and CRO both inspect site performance, and elements like site navigation and accessibility. Optimising for SEO may bring in more traffic, but both channels are needed to create a holistic approach to high-quality traffic with high conversion rates.
Now we’ve been through why an e-commerce SEO strategy is important, and how to make one, we’re going to take a look at one of the most important things you need to decide when building an e-commerce site – the platform you use.
An e-commerce platform is a piece/suite of software that allows businesses and users to carry out the process of buying and selling online. It should have a content management system to allow businesses to catalogue and display their products, a search or navigation function to help users find the products they need, an online cart to allow users to manage the products they want to order, and a payments portal to allow customers to pay for their purchases, and merchants to receive the payments.
Of course, most e-commerce platforms, like websites, will also have a range of additional features, such as search bars, sorts and filters, category page options, guides, brand hubs, recommended products, additional payment options, delivery trackers and many many more, but these are down to individual platforms and the needs of each business using the platform.
There are several different types of e-commerce platforms, and the right one for your business will depend on several factors. Choosing the right platform is absolutely critical as a platform that doesn’t meet your needs perfectly will likely cause problems and additional expenses down the road.
Hosted vs Self-Hosted
The first thing you want to consider when it comes to choosing a platform for your e-commerce business is if you want it to be hosted or self-hosted.
A self-hosted website is one where you, the site owner, are responsible for the build, hosting, and data storage of your website. This means that a self-hosted website usually requires setting up your own server and that you are responsible for its maintenance and upkeep.
Running your own website app is usually fairly straightforward and affordable, but the costs associated with a full website build and setting up your own server can be very costly.
Advantages of self-hosted websites
- You have full control over your website access
- You are not required to use a specific provider
- You have full control over which hardware and software you want to use
Disadvantages of self-hosted websites
- Purchasing your own hardware and software can be expensive and difficult to work out
- You will require technical skills in order to maintain your website
- You will require around-the-clock support to ensure your website is kept secure
A hosted website is built on website builders such as Shopify, Wix, WordPress, BigCommerce, or Squarespace.
Hosted ecommerce platforms are sometimes called SaaS (Software as a Service) platforms and will offer hosting, as well as technical support, content management systems, shopping basket systems and website page builders.
They’re ideal for many small businesses or sole traders where your team simply doesn’t have the time or budget to get hands-on in the website process. These companies offer all-in-one website solutions to users that don’t want to be responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of their sites.
Essentially, on a hosted website, the provider/platform will set up the website and all of its features on your behalf, like a web developer, would do traditionally. However, unlike a traditional website development project, the hosting provider will also look after your server (and all of your data) on an ongoing basis on your behalf. Most of the time, these businesses will have all their data and information stored in the cloud, making it secure and accessible for businesses.
Usually, the price a merchant pays to their hosting provider will be dependent on the size of their business, the volume of sales, and the requirements of their website. Some platforms will also take a small percentage of the revenue taken through the store.
Advantages of hosted websites
- Only pay monthly for what you require to host your website
- Easy to manage
- You have the option to pay for full premium support
- Easy and quick to set up
Disadvantages of hosted websites
- You can be restricted by limited customisation options
- The costs of hosting can increase as your website grows
- Changing hosting platforms can be expensive
Best E-commerce Platform for SEO?
In regards to which e-commerce platform is best for SEO, there is much controversy around this question! You could ask 50 people within the SEO community and get 50 different answers, as different individuals and companies have different experiences with a range of different platforms!
- When it comes to choosing an e-commerce platform for SEO, there are a number of factors that need to be considered:
- Can the website be optimised for SEO purposes?
- Is it easy to set up and maintain?
- Can it be optimised for mobile?
- What is the security of the website platform like?
- What level of tech support will be required?
- Are you intending to set up any integrations?
All these questions and more will determine the right e-commerce platform for you!
One of the top platforms for SEO across the board is WordPress, which is powering thousands of websites including The New York Times, Bloomberg and Spotify, as well as e-commerce sites like Etsy, IKEA, H&M and Samsung. WordPress was originally set up to create and publish blog content but as it is an open-source CMS, it has since developed far beyond its original purpose.
One of the disadvantages of WordPress as an e-commerce platform is that it depends on plugins in order to provide many of the functionalities businesses need from an e-commerce store. Fortunately, plugins today are incredibly easy to set up, integrate perfectly with WordPress and are very reliable.
One of the most popular e-commerce plugins available on WordPress is WooCommerce, which includes everything you need in order to optimise your e-commerce website for SEO.
Some features of WooCommerce include
- SSL Certificate
- WooCommerce Dropshipping
- Flat-Rate Shipping
- Free Shipping
- Local Pickup
- Automated Tax Calculations
- Built-in payments for some of the best payment gateways, credit cards and alternative payment methods
- 25+ languages
- The ability to sell anything on your e-commerce site, whether its a physical or digital product
- 500+ extensions & thousands of plugins to further optimise your store, automate functions and streamline your business
If you are a beginner to the world of websites, however, then Shopify is known as one of the best ecommerce platforms out there for you. If you’re just getting started running your own ecommerce business, Shopify’s platform offers you a pretty much one-stop shop with all the basics you’ll need.
Shopify is a very user-friendly platform and comes with a variety of different features to help you optimise your website for SEO, however, there are still many limitations to how far you can go in terms of optimisation.
The Shopify platform does offer a number of different plugins to help you improve your website’s SEO. For example:
- Implementing schema markup
- Creating dynamic page titles
- Creating meta descriptions to be rolled out sitewide
- Creating XML sitemaps.
Still Not Sure? Get in Touch
Ultimately, if you aren’t sure which ecommerce platform is right for your business, it’s best to speak to an expert. At Embryo, we’re passionate about helping the businesses we work with to maximise their presence online and have experience working with a range of different ecommerce businesses in a variety of sectors.
From hosting and platforms to technical SEO and content creation, we can help grow your business, capture your best opportunities, and maximise your ROI. To learn more about what we do or to speak to our expert team, please don’t hesitate to get in touch.